Romania urca pe locul 10 in lume la productia de porumb

Romania urca pe locul 10 in lume la productia de porumb

by October 7, 2010 32 comments

In 2010, Romania intra in top 10 mondial al producatorilor de porumb, ca urmare a dublarii productiei, pana la 9 milioane de tone. Ne clasam dupa tari ca Statele Unite, China, Brazilia, insa inaintea Ucrainei, Spaniei sau Federatiei Ruse. Productia de anul acesta valoreaza circa 1,3 miliarde de euro, la pretul de circa 142 de euro/pe tona (600 lei/tona) cat este acum pe piata mondiala. Alte domenii in care suntem in topul mondial: consumul de bere pe cap de locuitor, viteza  internetului, expedierea de mesaje spam (la toate trei ne situam pe locul cinci).
Potrivit rezultatelor Ministerului Agriculturii, fermierii au recoltat doar jumatate din suprafata de porumb, dar rezultatele sunt aproape duble fata de anul trecut, cu o medie de 4 tone/ha si un varf maxim de 10 tone/ha, in ciuda vremii nefavorabile din ultima perioada.
Romania ocupa primul loc in UE in ceea ce priveste suprafata cultivata cu porumb, detinand aproape 30% din suprafata totala de 8,6 milioane de hectare.
Productia de anul acesta are insa doar o pondere de 16% din productia totala a UE, din cauza mediei la hectar de doar 4 tone, in conditiile in care media UE este de 6,5 tone.
Estimarile privind productia de porumb se ridica la 303 mil. tone in SUA, 162 mil. tone in China, 54 mil. tone in Brazilia sau 15 mil. tone in Argentina, arata un studiu al United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Statele Unite au cea mai mare suprafata cultivata cu porumb, de 31,5 mil. ha, iar la o productie medie de 9,6 tone/ha, dupa cum arata previziunile USDA pentru acest an, productia totala va ajunge la 300 mil. tone doar din aceasta cultura. Productivitatea mult mai mare este data si de utilizarea pe scara larga a plantelor modificate genetic pentru a rezista la anumite erbicide.

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