Un roman din trei recunoaste ca a dat spaga in 2010

Un roman din trei recunoaste ca a dat spaga in 2010

by December 9, 2010 12 comments

Un roman din trei recunoaste ca a fost nevoit sa dea mita in 2010 angajatilor din institutiile statului, numarul celor care au apelat la aceasta metoda triplandu-se fata de anul 2009, se arata in Barometrul Global asupra Coruptiei, dat publicitatii joi de Transparency International (TI). Partidele politice, Parlamentul si justitia sun t cele mai corupte.

Barometrul pe 2010 arata, in comparatie cu 2009, o evolutie negativa a situatiei privind experientele directe ale cetatenilor legate de coruptie. Daca in 2009 doar 12% dintre romani spuneau ca au dat mita, in ultimele 12 luni numarul acestora aproape s-a triplat, ajungand la peste 30%.

Peste 87% dintre romani cred ca nivelul coruptiei a crescut in Romania in ultimii trei ani.

In topul institutiilor percepute de romani ca fiind cele mai corupte se situeaza, la fel ca in 2009, partidele politice, Parlamentul si justitia. Astfel, pe o scara de la 0 (cel mai putin corupt) la 5 (cel mai corupt), partidele politice si Parlamentul primesc 4,5 puncte, in timp ce Justitia incheie topul cu un scor de 4 puncte.

“In afara de justitie, sectorul privat si presa, pentru celelalte institutii nivelul evaluat al coruptiei este semnificativ mai mare decat in anii trecuti, iar partidele politice, Parlamentul si justitia primesc un scor peste 4 pentru incidenta coruptiei”, se arata in raportul TI.

Cand vine vorba de a gasi vinovatii in ceea ce priveste ineficienta in lupta impotriva coruptiei, 83 % dintre romani cred ca Guvernul este principalul responsabil.

“Situatia este alarmanta pentru ca anul trecut aceeasi institutie fundamentala a statului era judecata ca fiind ineficienta in proportie de 59%. In timp ce in 2009 guvernul era considerat eficient de 39% dintre cetateni, anul acesta doar 16% mai evalueaza la fel actiunile guvernamentale”, informeaza Transparency Romania.  

De asemenea, doar 3% dintre romani au incredere in guvern si guvernanti cu privire la capacitatea lor de a lupta impotriva coruptiei. Din aceasta perspectiva romanii sunt europenii cu cea mai scazuta incredere in guvern, urmati de letoni (5%), sloveni (7%) si germani (8%). “Ceea ce atrage atentia este ca 63% dintre romani nu au incredere in nimeni in ceea ce priveste lupta impotriva coruptiei, ceea ce ne plaseaza ca cea mai dezamagita natiune europeana, la mare distanta de celelalte”, potrivit concluziilor Barometrului Global asupra Coruptiei.

Aproape 70% dintre romani cred ca implicarea cetatenilor in actiuni anticoruptie este importanta si ca astfel pot sa determine schimbari. De asemenea, 80% dintre romani spun ca ar fi dispusi sa sprijine colegi si prieteni activi civic in lupta cu coruptia si aproape 60% s-ar implica ei insisi in aceste actiuni. Totusi, si la acest capitol Romania se situeaza printre cele mai putin active tari din Europa in lupta impotriva coruptiei. Doar in Elvetia, Lituania, Polonia si Republica Ceha  procentele celor care ar raporta cazuri de coruptie sunt mai mici decat in Romania. “A crescut nivelul de constientizare al oamenilor asupra coruptiei, probabil pentru ca le-a ajuns cutitul la os si isi dau seama ca miza pe care o aveau de pierdut inainte nu mai este la fel de importanta acum”, a declarat directorul executiv al TI Romania, Victor Alistar.

Barometrul Global al Coruptiei este un instrument, lansat in fiecare an de Transparency International, care evalueaza masura in care institutiile cheie si serviciile publice sunt percepute ca fiind corupte si identifica parerile cetatenilor cu privire la eforturile guvernului in lupta anticoruptie. La nivel global, studiul a fost facut in 86 de tari, pe un esantion de peste 90.000 de persoane, datele fiind colectate intre 1 iunie si 20 septembrie 2010. In Romania, sondajul a fost facut pe un esantion de 1149 de persoane, in perioada iunie-august 2010.

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