Baronii Romaniei, la fel ca baronii cailor ferate din SUA la 1890

Baronii Romaniei, la fel ca baronii cailor ferate din SUA la 1890

by March 31, 2011 35 comments

Ambasadorul SUA la Bucureşti, Mark Gitenstein, a declarat ca regiile si companiile de stat din Romania nu pot fi eficiente si nu pot atrage investitii de vreme ce sunt conduse de clientele politica, apropiata puterii “care i-au decizii in functie de interese proprii”. El a precizat ca noi acum suntem in situate americanilor la 1890, cand existau baroni ai cailor ferate.

Diplomatul american a dat ca exemplu de clientelism politic practicile din domeniul energetic. “Desi acordarea de reduceri de prêt pentru consumatorii de cantitati mari de energie nu este neaparat o practica de afaceri incorecta, extinderea acestui beneficiu de catre o companie de stat inseamnă subvenţionarea unui numar mic de utilizatori, in detrimentul celorlalti consumatori.

In cazul Romaniei, o distinctie importanta este ca aceste tipuri de reduceri de pret speciale par a fi acordate adesea in functie de legaturile politice mai degraba decat tinand cont de practici de afaceri rarionale”, a precizat Mark Gitenstein. “Prin stimularea pietei de capital si prin directionarea unei mai mari parti a bogatiei si a puterii catre investitorii individuali, le veti da acestora puterea de a opri abuzurile”, a mai spus ambasadorul”.

El a aratat ca nu face aceste observatii “cu un aer de superioritate” si a spus ca Statelor Unite le-au luat peste 100 de ani sa inteleaga aceste mecanisme. “In anii 1890 aveam baroni ai cailor ferate care-si conduceau companiile ca pe niste imperii politice, controland ziare, partide politice si politicieni. Acestia beneficiau de ‘pomeni’ generoase din partea guvernului federal. Va suna cunoscut?”, a intrebat Gitenstein intr-o aluzie evidentă la mediul politic şi economic actual din România.

“Am adoptat noi legi antitrust stricte si am creat piete de capital. Prin detinerea de actiuni, in cele din urma aceste companii au ajuns sa fie controlate de acţionari independenti. Bustul presedintelui Teddy Roosevelt este parte a celui mai respectat monument american, cel de la Muntele Rushmore, pentru ca el a avut curajul sa puna în aplicare aceste legi. Odata eliberate de controlul baronilor industriali, Bursa din New York a devenit cea mai puternica piata de capital din lume si, mult mai important, noi am inteles care este adevarata valoare a activelor americane si, cu ajutorul pietelor libere, am redistribuit bogatia catre americanii obisnuiti, in loc sa o concentram in mainile catorva oligarhi”, a explicat ambasadorul.

Investitorii individuali, românii obişnuiţi sau reprezentanţii lor, făcând parte din consiliile de administraţie, şi judecaţi după câtă valoare aduc României şi nu după rezultatele politice, vor putea face mai mult pentru a pune capăt acestor abuzuri decât cei mai buni procurori”, a adăugat diplomatul.

Şi că întreprinderile de stat din România nu pot fi eficiente şi nu pot atrage investiţii atât timp ele sunt conduse de persoane fără experienţă, apropiate mediului politic, “care iau decizii în funcţie de interesele proprii”.

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