Legea Educatiei, asumata in Parlamentby Marius Statoiu October 29, 2010 56 comments
Guvernul si-a asumat astazi raspunderea pe legea Educatiei in Parlament. PNL si PSD au anuntat ca vor depune o motiune de cenzura. In randurile PDL exista numeroase nemultumiri legate de proiectul legii invatamantului. Mai mult, sunt sanse ca legea sa cada la Curtea Constitutionala. Pentru prima data, in legea educatiei se introduce posibilitatea ca minoritatile nationale sa studieze istoria si geografia in limba materna.
“In cadrul invatamantului preuniversitar cu predare in limbile minoritatilor nationale, toate disciplinele se studiaza in limba materna, cu exceptia disciplinei Limba si literatura romana”, se arata intr-un articol al legii educatiei. De asemenea, intr-un alt articol se prevade ca “disciplina Limba si literatura romana se predau, pe parcursul invatamantului preuniversitar, dupa programe scolare si manuale elaborate in mod special pentru minoritatea rsepectiva”, adica limba romana se preda ca o limba straina.
Legea, un compromis politic
Vicepresedintele PDL Ioan Olteanu sustine ca proiectul legii educatiei este rezultatul compromisului politic cu UDMR. Altfel spus, in schimbul abtinerii la votul motiunii de cenzura de miercuri, parlamentarii maghiari au obtinut cam tot ce doreau in materie de invatamant in limba materna. De altfel, parlamentarii PDL, in special cei din Ardeal s-au revoltat intr-o sedinta de grup, la inceputul saptamanii fata de proiectul legii educatiei. Ei au introdus o serie de amendamente si au incercat sa scoata din proiect prevederile legate de predarea istoriei si geografiei in limba materna.
Deputatul Maria Stavrositu ne-a declarat ca unii parlamentari PDL au solicitat sa introduca in texul legii unele articole care sa cuprinda prevederi referitoare la protejarea elevilor romani care traiesc in comunitati unde nationalitatile conlocuitoare sunt majoritare. “S-a cerut ca in fiecare localitate cu populatie minoritar- majoritara, sa exista si o scoala de predare in limba romana. Dar ministrul a argumentat ca este o masura nationalista”, ne-a spus Stavrositu.
Totodata, unii parlamentari PDL sunt nemultumiti si de faptul ca nici un lider din Parlament nu a participat la negocierile cu UDMR pemtru sustinerea amendamentelor propuse de partid. La discutiile cu reprezentantii maghiari, nu a fost prezent decat ministrul Daniel Funeriu, trecandu-se peste punctul de vedere al parlamentarilor PDL.
Unii parlamentari PDL ar putea vota motiunea
De altfel, surse din cadrul PDL sustin ca presedintele comisiei de invatamant din Senat, Mihail Hardau, ar fi amenintat ca va vota motiunea de cenzura a Opozitiei in conditiile in care nu se va tine cont de amendamentele introduse de democrat-liberali. De altfel, Guvernul a luat decizia de a-si asuma reaspunderea pe legea educatie in conditiile in care proiectul se impotmolise la comisia de invatamant a Senatului, unde chiar si senatorii PDL nu erau de acord cu numeroase prevederi ale legii.
Singurii multumiti de acest proiect sunt reprezentantii UDMR. Ministrul Culturii, Kelemen Hunor, crede ca prin studierea istoriei si geografiei in limba nationala “vom apara identitatea noastra culturala”. In fata criticilor aduse de numerosi specialisti in materie de invatamant, “nu trebuie nimeni sa-si faca griji pe elevii care invata in limba maghiara” in privinta integrarii in societatea romaneasca.
Curtea Constitutionala ar putea respinge legea educatiei
Parlamentarii PNL au anuntat ca vor introduse o motiune de cenzura in urma asumarii raspunderii Guvernului. Desi initial presedintele Victor Ponta declarase ca nu va sustine o moiune de cenzura, la presiunea alesilor PSD, social-democratii s-au raliat demersului liberalilor. Daca motiunea de cenzura va cadea, Opozitia va ataca legea educatiei la Curtea Constitutionala.
Sunt sanse mari ca acest proiect sa fie declarat neconstitutional deoarece si anul trecut, Guvernul si-a asumat raspunderea pe acest proiect de lege, iar CCR l-a respins, sustinad ca o asemenea lege, cu un impact social foarte mare trebuie sa treaca prin Parlament si in urma unei dezbateri in cadrul societatii civile.
Amintim faptul ca legea lui Funeriu, care este organica, nu este sprijinita de nici un sindicat al profesorilor, toate cadrele didactice criticand la unison prevederile sale. De asemenea, tinand cont de importanta legii, puterea ar fi trebuit sa negocieze sustinerea sa in Parlament. Insa, proiectul nu are nici macar acordul parlamentarilor puterii, fiind doar rezultatul unui compromis politic la nivel guvernamental.
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